These agreements provide some flexibility in implementation by developing countries as well as for WTO members (special and differentiated treatment) and least developed countries (LDCs) and net food-importing developing countries (special provisions). 2. Members undertake to work towards the development of internationally agreed disciplines to regulate the availability of export credits, export credit guarantees or insurance programmes, and to grant export credits, export credit guarantees or insurance programmes only in accordance with these disciplines, after agreement on these disciplines. (b) the impact of reduction commitments on world agriculture trade; The CAP is also affected by land concessions granted to several multilateral and bilateral agreements under several multilateral and bilateral agreements, as well as unilateral exemptions granted under the Generalized Preference System (GSP). These preferential agreements explain the high level of EU agricultural imports from developing countries (3.2.10, Table VI). In view of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), signed in Geneva in 1947, and the world trade organization (WTO) agreement signed in Marrakech in 1994 (OJ L 1994, p. The European Union and its Member States act in accordance with Article 207 (Common Trade Policy) and Articles 217 and 218 (International Agreements) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (5.2.2). Measures in this category include expenditures (or spending abandonments) for programs that provide services or benefits to agriculture or the rural community. They must not include direct payments to producers or processors. These programmes, which include the following list, but are not limited to the following list: must meet the general criteria set out in paragraph 1 and the following specific conditions: the reform of the CAP in 2003, which decoupled most of the existing direct aid, and the sectoral reforms that followed led to the deferral of most of the aid under the amber box and the blue box to the green box (61.6 billion euros in 2016/2017, see table below).
Aid under the “amber box” (AMS) has fallen sharply, from EUR 81 billion at the beginning of the period of the agreement to EUR 6.9 billion between 2016 and 2017, even with successive waves of expansion. The European Union thus largely respects the commitments made in Marrakech (72.38 billion euros per year) for the AMS.