As human rebellion threatened to undermine God`s ultimate goal (i.e. to bless all nations with the “blessing of the descendants” of Abraham), Mosawe`s covenant also included the means by which the Lord and Israel could be maintained: service of sacrifice, especially on the day of the sacrifice of atonement (Lv 16), would ritually sow for the sin of Israel and symbolically express God`s forgiveness. According to Weinfeld, the Abrahamic Alliance is an attribution alliance that binds the Overlord. It is the Master`s duty to his servant and it contains gifts to people loyal to the service of their masters. In the covenant with Abraham in Genesis 15, it is God, who is the mayor, who commits himself and who swears to keep the promise. At the federal level, there are procedures for the oath that include a smoke oven and a lit torch. There are many similarities between Genesis 15 and the Abba-El act. In Genesis 15 and similar in the fig. Abba-El is the higher party that goes under oath. The oaths in both cases involve a situation where the losing party delivers the animals, while the upper part takes the oath. The Hebrew Bible refers to a series of covenants (Hebrew: בְּרִיתוֹת) with God (YHWH).
The Noean Covenant (in Genesis), which is between God and all living beings, as well as a series of more specific covenants with individuals or groups. Biblical covenants include with Abraham, all the people of Israel, the Israelite priesthood and the davidic line of kings. In terms of form and terminology, these alliances reflect the types of contractual agreements in the surrounding ancient world. In the covenant that God established with Abraham, God promised that Abraham would become the father of a nation, and promised that his descendants would inherit the land of Canaan. Thus also the promises that God had given to Abraham were given to Abraham: “I will straighten my covenant between me and you and your descendants according to you in their generations, for an eternal covenant to be God with you and for your descendants after you” (Genesis 17:7). 2. God said, “You will be a priestly kingdom for me.” God called Israel to be a people of servants, a people with a special vocation to reveal to the nations the true God. As a priestly kingdom, Israel would mediate between God and the nations. As one of the priest`s tasks was to bless the people (Numbers 6:23), Israel will serve as a priest to the peoples: “You will be called the priest of the Lord, you will be appointed servant of our God” (Isaiah 61:6).
In an article that compares alliances and forms of contracts that were in use at the time, Mendenhall focuses on hittutical Suzerainty contracts. These contracts, established between an emperor (Suzerain) and a king of poor quality (vassal), were defined by several important elements. The contracts were based on the previous help or happiness that Oberinn had delivered to the vassal and the obligations that the Vassal had imposed on the Overlord.